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Date: 10-18-2020

Case Style:

State of Tennessee v. Ronald Davis

Case Number: W2019-01315-CCA-R3-CD

Judge: ROBERT W. WEDEMEYER

Court: IN THE COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS OF TENNESSEE AT JACKSON

Plaintiff's Attorney: Herbert H. Slatery III, Attorney General and Reporter; Ruth Anne Thompson, Senior
Assistant Attorney General; Amy P. Weirich, District Attorney General; and David M.
Zak, Jr., Assistant District Attorney General

Defendant's Attorney:


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Description:

Memphis, Tennessee - Criminal defense lawyer represented defendant Ronald Davis Doster charged with identity thef.



On November 8, 2018, the Defendant pleaded guilty to identity theft for an agreed
upon sentence of three years, to be served on probation. In relevant part, the conditions
of the Defendant’s probation sentence required that he: (1) notify his probation officer
10/16/2020
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before changing his residence or place of employment; and (2) report to his probation
officer as instructed.
On November 28, 2018, the Defendant’s probation officer, LaQuita Hampton,
filed an affidavit alleging that the Defendant had violated the conditions of his probation
as follows:
[The Defendant] was granted probation on November 8, 2018 out of
Criminal Court Division #10. On this day [the Defendant] was instructed
to attend probation orientation on November 15, 2018 but he failed to do
so. On November 16, 2018 Probation officer mailed a letter to [the
Defendant’s] last known address for him to report on November 27, 2018
but he failed to do so. On December 4, 2018 Supervising Probation Officer
went to [the Defendant’s] last known address and the officer was informed
that [the Defendant] did not reside at residence and [the resident] didn’t
know who [the Defendant] was. [The Defendant’s] whereabouts are
unknown at this writing.
Based upon these allegations, on February 26, 2019, the trial court issued a warrant for
the Defendant’s arrest.
The trial court held a hearing on June 21, 2019, to determine whether the
Defendant had violated the conditions of his probation sentence. At the hearing, the
Defendant explained why he had failed to meet with his probation officer as required. He
stated that the day after he was released from jail, he called “this number” and spoke with
“a man.” The Defendant told the man that he had been instructed to “call him to sign
up;” however, the man stated that the Defendant was not on his caseload. The Defendant
asked the man to please make a note of the phone call. The following day, the Defendant
went to the courtroom where he had been sentenced looking for Ms. Hampton. Instead
he spoke with a “black bailiff.” The bailiff sent the Defendant “to some more rooms
around here,” but he was unable to find Ms. Hampton. He stated, “[s]o nothing never
came about” until months later when at the time of his arrest “for the Bartlett situation,”
he learned of the probation violation warrant.
The Defendant testified that this was his first probation sentence. When asked by
the trial court what the Defendant thought would happen when he did not report, he
replied, “I knew they’d probably put a warrant or something on me and then I’d just have
to deal with it when it happened.” When asked why he did not make additional attempts
to contact his probation officer, the Defendant stated, “I was out there trying to live, man.
I was out there trying to find me some work, and survive.”
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At this point, defense counsel interjected, referencing the portion of the complaint
about the Defendant’s “last known address.” Defense Counsel asked the trial court to
consider that the November 28 plea agreement indicated that the Defendant was homeless
at the time of the guilty plea hearing.
The trial court asked the Defendant about the sentence he was currently serving,
and the Defendant said that he was serving time for a violation of a “Bartlett” eleven
month and twenty-nine day probation sentence. According to the Defendant, his
violation was based upon the fact that he “missed court.”
Based upon this evidence, the trial court found, by a preponderance of the
evidence, that the Defendant had violated the conditions of his probation by failing to
report to his probation officer. As a result, the trial court ordered service of the three-year
sentence. It is from this judgment that the Defendant appeals.
II. Analysis
The Defendant asserts that the trial court abused its discretion when it revoked his
probation sentence. The State responds that the trial court acted within its discretion
when, after determining that the Defendant had violated the terms of his probation,
revoked the probation sentence and placed the sentence in to effect. We agree with the
State.
A trial court’s authority to revoke a suspended sentence is derived from Tennessee
Code Annotated section 40-35-310 (2019), which provides that the trial court possesses
the power “at any time within the maximum time which was directed and ordered by the
court for such suspension, . . . to revoke . . . such suspension” and cause the original
judgment to be put into effect. A trial court may revoke probation upon its finding by a
preponderance of the evidence that a violation of the conditions of probation has
occurred. T.C.A. § 40-35-311(e) (2019). “In probation revocation hearings, the
credibility of witnesses is to be determined by the trial judge.” State v. Mitchell, 810
S.W.2d 733, 735 (Tenn. Crim. App. 1991). If a trial court revokes a defendant’s
probation, options include ordering confinement, ordering the sentence into execution as
originally entered, returning the defendant to probation on modified conditions as
appropriate, or extending the defendant’s period of probation by up to two years. T.C.A.
§§ 40-35-308(a), (c), -310 (2019); see State v. Hunter, 1 S.W.3d 643, 648 (Tenn. 1999).
The judgment of the trial court in a revocation proceeding will not be disturbed on
appeal unless there has been an abuse of discretion. See State v. Shaffer, 45 S.W.3d 553,
554 (Tenn. 2001); State v. Smith, 909 S.W.2d 471, 473 (Tenn. Crim. App. 1995). In
order for this Court to find an abuse of discretion, “there must be no substantial evidence
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to support the conclusion of the trial court that a violation of the conditions of probation
has occurred.” Shaffer, 45 S.W.3d at 554. Further, a finding of abuse of discretion
“‘reflects that the trial court’s logic and reasoning was improper when viewed in light of
the factual circumstances and relevant legal principles involved in a particular case.’” Id.
at 555 (quoting State v. Moore, 6 S.W.3d 235, 242 (Tenn. 1999)).
The record in this case provided substantial evidence to support the trial court’s
revocation of probation. First, the Defendant admitted that he did not report to his
probation officer as required. Based upon the testimony at the hearing, it is clear the
Defendant understood he needed to meet with his probation officer and the consequences
of failing to do so. See State v. Zantuan A. Horton, No. M2014-02541-CCA-R3-CD,
2015 WL 4536265, at *3 (Tenn. Crim. App., at Nashville, July 28, 2015), no perm. app
filed (stating that a defendant who admitted violating the terms of his probation conceded
an adequate basis for finding of a violation). Despite his understanding that he must
report, after two attempts within the first forty-eight hours after release from jail, he
stopped making any attempt to contact his probation officer. The Defendant offered little
in the way of explanation as to why he abandoned his attempts to report to the probation
officer during the ensuing months before his arrest on an unrelated offense. This
evidence supports the trial’s court conclusion that the Defendant violated the condition of
probation requiring him to report to his probation officer.
After the trial court found that the Defendant had violated the terms of his
probation, it retained discretionary authority, pursuant to Tennessee Code Annotated
section 40-35-310(b), to order the Defendant to serve his sentence in incarceration. The
determination of the proper consequence of a probation violation embodies a separate
exercise of discretion. State v. Hunter, 1 S.W.3d 643, 647 (Tenn. 1999). Case law
establishes that “an accused, already on probation, is not entitled to a second grant of
probation or another form of alternative sentencing.” State v. Jeffrey A. Warfield, No.
01C01-9711-CC-00504, 1999 WL 61065, at *2 (Tenn. Crim. App., at Nashville, Feb. 10,
1999), perm. app. denied (Tenn. June 28, 1999).
We conclude that the trial court did not abuse its discretion when it ordered the
Defendant to serve the remainder of his sentence. The Defendant failed to report for his
probation appointments and was not living at his last known address. Additionally, the
Defendant was serving a separate probation violation for his failure to appear, exhibiting
a pattern of difficulty with compliance. Accordingly, we conclude that the trial court
correctly found that the Defendant violated the conditions of his probation sentence and
then, in its discretion, properly determined the consequence of the violation. Therefore,
the Defendant is not entitled to relief.

Outcome: Based on the foregoing reasoning and authorities, we affirm the trial court’s
judgment.

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