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Date: 09-14-2020

Case Style:

STATE OF OHIO v. TERRY PAUL HOLBROOK

Case Number: 6-19-14, 6-19-15

Judge: John R. Willamowski

Court: IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF OHIO THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT HARDIN COUNTY

Plaintiff's Attorney: Jason M. Miller

Defendant's Attorney:


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Description: Lima, OH - possession of heroin













{¶2} On June 13, 2019, the Hardin County Grand Jury indicted Holbrook on
one count of possession of heroin in violation of R.C. 2925.11(A),(C)(6)(a), a felony
of the fifth degree. ADoc. 11
On August 16, 2019, the Hardin County Grand Jury
indicted Holbrook on one count of possession of cocaine in violation of R.C.
2925.11(A),(C)(4)(a), a felony of the fifth degree; one count of possession of drugs
in violation of R.C. 2925.11(A),(C)(2)(a), a felony of the fifth degree; and one count
of illegal use or possession of drug paraphernalia in violation of R.C. 2925.14(C)(1),
a misdemeanor of the fourth degree. BDoc. 1. At the time of these offenses,
Holbrook was on PRC. Tr. 2-3. A change of plea and sentencing hearing was held
on October 23, 2019. Tr. Pursuant to a plea agreement, Holbrook agreed to enter
guilty pleas to the possession of heroin and possession of cocaine and admitted that
he was on PRC at the time of the offenses. ADoc. 14 and BDoc. 11. The change
of plea form noted that “[i]f you are on [PRC], your existing [PRC] can be

1
The docket in case number 6-19-14 will be identified as ADoc. and the docket in case number 6-19-15 will
be identified as BDoc.
Case Nos. 6-19-14 and 6-19-15
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terminated and a consecutive sentence be imposed for the [PRC] violation.” Id. At
the hearing, the State indicated that Holbrook would plead guilty to two fifth degree
felonies and the remainder of the charges would be dismissed. Tr. 2. The State also
indicated that there was a joint sentencing recommendation for sentences of ten
months on each count to be run consecutively. Tr. 2. When the trial court asked if
the State had a position regarding the PRC, the State indicated it was remaining
silent. Tr. 3. Counsel for Holbrook agreed that they were entering pleas of guilty
to the two counts and that Holbrook consented to the sentencing recommendation.
Tr. 3. Before accepting the pleas of guilty, the trial court had the following dialogue
with Holbrook.
Judge: So my next question is, and I know the answer to this –
are you currently on post-release control supervision?
Defendant: Yes sir.
Judge: Alright. So it is very important – do you believe that she
was able to explain to you how post-release control supervision
violations, how they’re handled in the context of new felony
convictions?
Defendant: Yes sir.
Judge: So I’m going to go into that with you right now. You
understand, being on post-release control supervision, that not
only does the APA have authority to give you a sanction, or both,
for either of these charges, but I am the judge in a new felony case
– actually two new felony cases – will have the authority to give
you sanction myself whereby I would terminate your post-release
control supervision and then give you a prison sanction that I
could actually begin with a minimum of a year, but I more
importantly could go all the way up to the amount of time
remaining, which I believe is over seven hundred days of
Case Nos. 6-19-14 and 6-19-15
-4-
supervision time still remaining. Do you understand that’s
possible?
Defendant: Yes sir.
Judge: And you understand if whatever prison sanction, should
I give you one, whatever one I would give you has to be served
first before you begin the underlying sentence on the new cases.
Do you understand all that?
Defendant: Yes sir.
Judge: Alright. Do you have any questions about any of that,
because that’s a serious matter. I mean I just want to make sure
you understand the Supreme Court has just this year ruled judges
have to make sure if a person is on PRC, that the person
understands the ramification. I’ve always wanted to do that, I’ve
always tried to do it.
Defendant: Yes.
Judge: But I’m even a little more aggressive about it now. Any
questions?
Defendant: No sir, I went over it in detail with my attorney.
Judge: Alright. Attorney Kocher, do you have any reason that
he had any confusion about the potential of the maximum amount
of time that could be imposed?
Kocher: No, we have gone over it thoroughly.
Tr. 22-24. Holbrook then signed the change of plea agreement and entered pleas of
guilty. Tr. 30-31. The trial court then imposed the jointly recommended sentences
as to the two new felony charges. Tr. 44-45. The trial court then moved on to
sentence Holbrook on the PRC violation.
As I said when we started this Mr. Holbrook, it’s one of the worst
records I’ve seen in the period of a year and a half on post-release
control supervision. I mean I honestly cannot remember one that
Case Nos. 6-19-14 and 6-19-15
-5-
has been that bad where the person had four or five whereabouts
unknown * * * [.]
* * *
I really have no – I have to consider the PRC sanction. You have
not shown yourself to be able to live in the community. You said
you even had a good job, which just even puzzles me more – that
you had the benefit some people don’t have, and yet you continued
with this horribly irresponsible conduct. So the Court is going to
terminate your post-release control supervision period, and the
Court is going to give you the sanction of the remaining period of
time as a prison sanction prior to and consecutive to the
underlying twenty month aggregated sentence out of this case.
Tr. 45-48.
{¶3} Holbrook filed notices of appeal in these cases. ADoc. 21 and BDoc.
19. On appeal, Holbrook raises the following assignment of error.
The trial court erred by abusing its discretion when it imposed, as
a prison term, the remaining 702 days on PRC for a violation of
PRC based upon a conviction for a new felony charge, which was
not part of the jointly recommended sentence, and was plain
error.
{¶4} The sole assignment of error alleges that the trial court erred in
imposing the remaining time on PRC as part of the aggregate prison term. The
sentence to be imposed for violations of PRC is set forth in R.C. 2929.141.
(A) Upon the conviction of or plea of guilty to a felony by a person
on post-release control at the time of the commission of the felony,
the court may terminate the term of post-release control, and the
court may do either of the following regardless of whether the
sentencing court or another court of this state imposed the
original prison term for which the person is on post-release
control:
(1) In addition to any prison term for the new felony, impose a
prison term for the post-release control violation. The maximum
Case Nos. 6-19-14 and 6-19-15
-6-
prison term for the violation shall be the greater of twelve months
or the period of post-release control for the earlier felony minus
any time the person has spent under post-release control for the
earlier felony. In all cases, any prison term imposed for the
violation shall be reduced by any prison term that is
administratively imposed by the parole board as a post-release
control sanction. A prison term imposed for the violation shall be
served consecutively to any prison term imposed for the new
felony. The imposition of a prison term for the post-release
control violation shall terminate the period of post-release control
for the earlier felony.
R.C. 2929.141. Thus, the trial court had the authority to impose the remaining time
on PRC as a prison term for the violation of the PRC. Here, the trial court
determined there was 702 days of supervision left and imposed that time as a
sentence to be served prior to the sentences in the new felonies. This complies with
the statute.
{¶5} Holbrook argues that the trial court erred in imposing the remaining
time for the PRC violation because the record did not support the severity of the
sentence and that the sentence was plain error. If a sentence is within the statutory
limits, the severity of the sentence is not a basis for seeking relief on direct appeal.
Townsend v. Burke, 334 U.S. 736, 741, 68 S.Ct. 1252, 92 L.Ed. 1690 (1948). A
review of the record shows that the trial court considered Holbrook’s record. The
trial court specifically noted that Holbrook’s record on PRC was the worst one he
had ever seen. He noted that since October of 2018, Holbrook had been missing
from supervision five times, had multiple misdemeanor convictions, and had a long
criminal history. Tr. 36-38. The trial court noted that the first underlying felony
Case Nos. 6-19-14 and 6-19-15
-7-
occurred in February of 2019 and Holbrook took no action to go into treatment and
instead committed a second offense in April of 2019. Tr. 44.
{¶6} Holbrook also appears to be arguing that the trial court did not correctly
apply the sentencing factors in deciding to re-impose the remaining prison term for
violation of PRC. This court notes that the trial court in this case did not impose the
original sentence that caused Holbrook to be on PRC. The sentencing factors were
presumably reviewed at the time the sentence was imposed.2
The trial court in this
case was merely re-imposing the remainder of the sentence previously ordered.
Given the record before us, this Court does not find that there was any abuse of
discretion or plain error in imposing the sentence it did. The assignment of error is
overruled.

Outcome: Having found no prejudicial error in the particulars assigned and
argued, the judgments of the Hardin County Common Pleas Court are affirmed.

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