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Date: 09-13-2020

Case Style:

STATE OF OHIO v. DAVID J. QUICKLE

Case Number: 5-20-11

Judge: William R. Zimmerman

Court: IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF OHIO THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT HANCOCK COUNTY

Plaintiff's Attorney: Steven M. Powell

Defendant's Attorney:


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Description: Findlay, OH - failure to register as an arson offender













{¶2} On September 10, 2019, the Hancock County Grand Jury indicted
Quickle on two counts of failure to register as an arson offender in violation of R.C.
2909.15, a fifth-degree felony.1
(Doc. No. 1).
{¶3} On September 18, 2019, Quickle appeared for arraignment and entered
a plea of not guilty. (Doc. No. 5).
{¶4} On November 18, 2019, Quickle withdrew his pleas of not guilty and
entered a guilty plea to Count One, under a negotiated-plea agreement. (Doc. Nos.
13, 15). Specifically, in exchange for his guilty pleas, the State agreed to dismiss
Count Two.2
(See Doc. Nos. 13, 18). (Doc. No. 27). The trial court accepted
Quickle’s guilty plea and ordered the preparation of a presentence-investigation
report (“PSI”). (Doc. No. 18).

1
Quickle had previously been convicted of three counts of burglary and five counts of aggravated arson in
the Hancock County Common Pleas Court, General Division in case number 2005 CR 153 for which he
served a 9-year aggregate prison term. (Doc. No. 28); (PSI at 8). See R.C. 2909.13(B)(2). Quickle failed to
register as an arson offender “for a two-year period”. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 6, 14-15). 2
The trial court dismissed Count Two on February 3, 2020 at the sentencing hearing. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at
4); (Doc. Nos. 27, 56).
Case No. 5-20-11
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{¶5} On February 3, 2020, the trial court sentenced Quickle to an 11-month
prison term.3
(Doc. No. 28). Quickle timely filed his notice of appeal. (Doc. No.
33). He raises one assignment of error for our review.
Assignment of Error
Because the record, as shown by clear and convincing evidence,
does not support the trial court’s findings, pursuant to R.C.
2953.08(G)(2), the trial court’s sentence of Appellant was not
supported by the record.
{¶6} In his assignment of error, Quickle argues that the record does not
clearly and convincingly support the trial court’s findings under R.C.
2953.08(G)(2), and therefore, is contrary to law.
Standard of Review
{¶7} Under R.C. 2953.08(G)(2), an appellate court will reverse a sentence
“only if it determines by clear and convincing evidence that the record does not
support the trial court’s findings under relevant statutes or that the sentence is
otherwise contrary to law.” State v. Marcum, 146 Ohio St.3d 516, 2016-Ohio-1002,
¶ 1. Clear and convincing evidence is that “‘which will produce in the mind of the
trier of facts a firm belief or conviction as to the facts sought to be established.’” Id.
at ¶ 22, quoting Cross v. Ledford, 161 Ohio St. 469 (1954), paragraph three of the
syllabus.

3
Quickle was given 91 days’ jail-time credit. (Doc. No. 28).
Case No. 5-20-11
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Analysis
{¶8} “It is well-established that the statutes governing felony sentencing no
longer require the trial court to make certain findings before imposing a maximum
sentence.” State v. Maggette, 3d Dist. Seneca No. 13-16-06, 2016-Ohio-5554, ¶ 29,
citing State v. Dixon, 2d Dist. Clark No. 2015-CA-67, 2016-Ohio-2882, ¶ 14
(“Unlike consecutive sentences, the trial court was not required to make any
particular ‘findings’ to justify maximum prison sentences.”) and State v. Hinton, 8th
Dist. Cuyahoga No. 102710, 2015-Ohio-4907, ¶ 9 (“The law no longer requires the
trial court to make certain findings before imposing a maximum sentence.”).
Rather, “‘“trial courts have full discretion to impose any sentence within the
statutory range.”’” State v. Smith, 3d Dist. Seneca No. 13-15-17, 2015-Ohio-4225,
¶ 9, quoting State v. Noble, 3d Dist. Logan No. 8-14-06, 2014-Ohio-5485, ¶ 9, citing
State v. Saldana, 3d Dist. Putnam No. 12-12-09, 2013-Ohio-1122, ¶ 20, quoting
State v. Mathis, 109 Ohio St.3d 54, 2006-Ohio-855, ¶ 37. In this case, as a fifthdegree felony, failure to register as an arson offender carries a non-mandatory
sanction of 6-months to 12-months imprisonment. R.C. 2909.15(H); R.C.
2929.13(B)(1)(b)(ix); 2929.14(A)(5). Because the trial court sentenced Quickle to
11 months in prison on Count One, the trial court’s sentence falls within the
statutory range. “[A] sentence imposed within the statutory range is ‘presumptively
Case No. 5-20-11
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valid’ if the [trial] court considered applicable sentencing factors.” Maggette at ¶
31, quoting State v. Collier, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 95572, 2011-Ohio-2791, ¶ 15.
{¶9} “R.C. 2929.11 provides, in pertinent part, that the ‘overriding purposes
of felony sentencing are to protect the public from future crime and to punish the
offender.’” Smith at ¶ 10, quoting R.C. 2929.11(A). “In advancing these purposes,
sentencing courts are instructed to ‘consider the need for incapacitating the offender,
deterring the offender and others from future crime, rehabilitating the offender, and
making restitution to the victim of the offense, the public, or both.’” Id., quoting
R.C. 2929.11(A). “Meanwhile, R.C. 2929.11(B) states that felony sentences must
be ‘commensurate with and not demeaning to the seriousness of the offender’s
conduct and its impact upon the victim’ and also be consistent with sentences
imposed in similar cases.” Id., quoting R.C. 2929.11(B). “In accordance with these
principles, the trial court must consider the factors set forth in R.C. 2929.12(B)-(E)
relating to the seriousness of the offender’s conduct and the likelihood of the
offender’s recidivism.” Id., citing R.C. 2929.12(A). “‘A sentencing court has broad
discretion to determine the relative weight to assign the sentencing factors in R.C.
2929.12.” Id. at ¶ 15, quoting State v. Brimacombe, 6th Dist. Lucas No. L-10-1179,
2011-Ohio-5032, ¶ 18, citing State v. Arnett, 88 Ohio St.3d 208, 215 (2000), State
v. Fox, 69 Ohio St.3d 183, 193, and R.C. 2929.12(B)(1).
Case No. 5-20-11
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{¶10} “Although the trial court must consider the purposes and principles of
felony sentencing set forth in R.C. 2929.11 and the sentencing factors listed in R.C.
2929.12, the sentencing court is not required to ‘state on the record that it considered
the statutory criteria or discuss[ed] them.’” Maggette at ¶ 32, quoting State v.
Polick, 101 Ohio App.3d 428, 431 (4th Dist.1995). “A trial court’s statement that
it considered the required statutory factors, without more, is sufficient to fulfill its
obligations under the sentencing statutes.” Id., citing State v. Abrams, 8th Dist.
Cuyahoga No. 103786, 2016-Ohio-4570, ¶ 14, citing State v. Payne, 114 Ohio St.3d
502, 2007-Ohio-4642, ¶ 18.
{¶11} In Quickle’s sentencing entry, the trial court considered the R.C.
2929.11 and 2929.12 factors. (Doc. No. 28). Specifically, the trial court considered
“the purposes and principles of sentencing set forth in R.C. 2929.11,” and in
exercising its discretion, the trial court considered those factors “relating to the
likelihood of the offender’s recidivism” provided in division (D) as required by R.C.
2929.12(A) when the court considered the need to deter or incapacitate Quickle.
(Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 12-13); (Doc. Nos. 28, 56). R.C. 2929.12(A).
{¶12} In assessing whether Quickle was likely to commit future crimes, the
trial court considered Quickle’s prior record and determined that Quickle had a
juvenile court record that was “fairly extensive”. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 13); (Doc. No.
56). Specifically, the trial court focused on Quickle’s “very extensive” adult record
Case No. 5-20-11
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noting his history of arson convictions (defined as offenses of violence), which
excluded him from targeted-community alternatives to prison. (Id.); (Id.). See R.C.
2929.12(D)(2). Moreover, the trial court noted that the instant case was Quickle’s
eleventh felony conviction since 2001. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 14); (Id.). See id.
{¶13} The trial court also found that Quickle hadn’t responded favorably to
the sanctions it previously imposed and noted that “the PSI very clearly indicates is
[Quickle’s] history indicates that [he] is not good at that.” (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 17-
18); (Doc. No. 56). See R.C. 2929.12(D)(3). Further, Quickle’s Ohio Risk
Assessment System score 26 indicated a high risk of reoffending. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr.
at 4); (PSI at 18). The trial court did not find that any of the factors under R.C.
2929.12(B) or (C) applied regarding the seriousness of Quickle’s conduct.
Moreover, the trial court did not find any factors in R.C. 2929.12(E) mitigating that
Quickle is not likely to commit future crimes applied.
{¶14} After weighing the recidivism factors, the trial court concluded that
there was a neutral presumption favoring neither community control sanctions nor
a prison term. (Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 18); (Doc. No. 56). Ultimately, the trial court
determined that Quickle was not amenable to community control sanctions and that
a prison term was justified under R.C. 2929.11. (See Feb. 3, 2020 Tr. at 18); (Id.).
See R.C. 2929.12(A).
Case No. 5-20-11
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{¶15} In our review of the record, we cannot conclude that the trial court’s
findings are clearly and convincingly not supported by the record. Specifically, the
PSI details Quickle’s prior record revealing that Quickle has lengthy criminal record
dating back to 1987 when he committed his first act of delinquency as a juvenile.
(PSI at 3-9).
{¶16} We conclude that it was within the trial court’s discretion to impose a
prison sentence as “the most effective way to comply with the purposes and
principles of sentencing set forth in section 2929.11 of the Revised Code.” R.C.
2929.12(A). Accordingly, based on the foregoing, Quickle’s sentence is not clearly
and convincingly contrary to law because it is within the permissible statutory range,
and the trial court properly considered the criteria found in R.C. 2929.11 and
2929.12. See Maggette, 2016-Ohio-5554, at ¶ 36.
{¶17} For these reasons, Quickle’s sole assignment of error is overruled.

Outcome: Having found no error prejudicial to the appellant herein in the
particulars assigned and argued, we affirm the judgment of the trial court.

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