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Orlando Larder Smith a/k/a Orlando Larderl Smith v. State of Mississippi
Case Number: 2018-KA-01604-COA
Judge: David McCarty
Court: IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI
Plaintiff's Attorney: OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
BY: BARBARA WAKELAND BYRD
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¶3. Regina Evans lived in a rented duplex with her brother, grandson, and two sons, Cory
Arrington and Orlando Smith. She helped support the family of five by working night shifts.
¶4. One night when Evans was scheduled to work, Smith came home late in her car.
Arrington testified that when Smith returned, Smith and Evans began to argue about his late
arrival. The argument was so intense that it escalated into a fistfight between Smith and
Arrington. Arrington tried to run away from the fight, but Smith chased him out of the
duplex. The chase continued for a short distance before Arrington finally stopped and
realized that Smith was no longer chasing him.
¶5. Arrington returned home to find that his mother’s half of the duplex was on fire. Both
Evans and her brother managed to escape.
¶6. When interviewed by the Newton Police Department, Evans stated that Smith entered
her bedroom and poured gasoline on her. She also told police that when he returned home
from chasing Arrington, Smith attempted to kick down the front door after he discovered that
Evans had locked him out of the house. According to Evans, she heard Smith ask someone
to hand him a jug of gasoline.
¶7. During a pre-trial conference on the morning of Smith’s trial, the State proposed to
introduce testimony, for the first time, from a forensic analyst of the Mississippi Forensics
Laboratory. The analyst would testify that three samples were submitted to the crime
laboratory. One sample was taken from a section of the carpet of the duplex, another from
a portion of the mattress, and the last from fire debris by the front door. Each of the samples
had tested positive for the presence of accelerants. In other words, the evidence would
demonstrate that gasoline was the ignitable fluid responsible for the fire. The evidence
would also ultimately show that the fire “was intentionally set by human hands.”
¶8. Smith’s counsel asked the lower court to exclude the evidence on the basis that its
introduction was untimely. He stated that had he known about the samples in advance, he
would have had time to consult with Smith about them and allow Smith an opportunity to
determine whether to proceed with the trial. Because the jury had not been empaneled, the
lower court offered and granted Smith’s counsel an opportunity to consult with Smith in a
¶9. When Smith’s counsel returned from the recess, he announced that Smith wished to
proceed with the trial but still objected to the introduction of the samples. The lower court
then asked Smith’s counsel what he would have done with the samples had he received them
ahead of time. Smith’s counsel stated that he would have requested independent testing of
the samples. The lower court replied, “[Y]ou still can.”
¶10. At that point, the State asked Smith’s counsel to clarify whether he wanted a
continuance. Smith’s counsel unquestionably replied, “[N]o.”
¶11. The lower court ultimately overruled Smith’s objection to the evidence. At the end
of trial, the jury returned a guilty verdict. Following the denial of a motion for a new trial,
Smith now argues that the lower court erred in admitting the samples on the basis that it
violated the rules of discovery.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
¶12. “In reviewing rulings of a trial court regarding matters of evidence, relevancy and
discovery violations, the standard of review is abuse of discretion.” Montgomery v. State,
891 So. 2d 179, 182 (¶6) (Miss. 2004) (citing Conley v. State, 790 So. 2d 773, 782 (¶20)
¶13. Smith argues that the lower court abused its discretion byadmitting untimely evidence
in violation of Rule 17.8 of the Mississippi Rules of Criminal Procedure.
¶14. Rule 17.8 states that “[b]oth the State and the defendant have a duty timely to
supplement discovery.” MRCrP 17.8. It further requires parties who discover “additional
material or information which is subject to disclosure . . . [to] . . . promptly notify the other
party or the other party’s attorney of the existence of such material[.]” Id.
¶15. A court has discretion to apply three remedies when a party violates Rule 17.8. It can
suppress the untimely evidence, grant the aggrieved party a continuance, or grant a mistrial.
¶16. The Mississippi Supreme Court recently interpreted Rule 17.9(b)(2) by stating that
parties who complain of prejudice and inadequate preparation due to a discovery violation
must request a continuance. Dancy v. State, 287 So. 3d 931, 939 (¶31) (Miss. 2020).
Otherwise, he has “waived the issue” on appeal. Id.
¶17. In Dancy, the defendant objected to the testimony of the State’s expert witness. Id.
at 939 (¶30). He argued the witness should not have been allowed to testify because the State
failed to provide the defendant with the witness’s name in its discovery. Id. Upon overruling
the defendant’s objection, the trial court offered the defendant a continuance so that the
defendant could “meet the proof of [the evidence].” Id. The defendant rejected the
continuance but later renewed the objection in his motion for a new trial. Id. When he
attempted to reintroduce the discovery issue on appeal, the Mississippi Supreme Court ruled
that he had waived the issue due to his failure to seek a continuance. Id. at (¶32) (citing
McCullough v. State, 750 So. 2d 1212, 1217 (Miss. 1999)). In the Supreme Court’s opinion,
the issue was procedurally barred. Id.
¶18. Smith’s situation is identical to the Dancy case. After suggesting that preparation for
his defense was jeopardized due to the State’s alleged discovery violation, Smith was
presented with an opportunity to continue the case. He rejected the continuance. Instead,
he chose to proceed with trial despite his complaint that he needed more time to analyze the
State’s evidence. Smith now attempts to reintroduce the discovery issue on appeal. But as
held in Dancy, Smith is procedurally barred from bringing the issue to this Court on appeal
because he failed to seek a continuance.
¶19. Smith urges this Court to depart from this procedural rule and look for plain error,
arguing “where fundamental rights are violated, procedural rules give way to prevent a
miscarriage of justice.” Gray v. State, 549 So. 2d 1316, 1321 (Miss. 1989). “A court may
take notice of a plain error affecting a substantial right, even if the claim of error was not
properly preserved.” MRE 103(f).
¶20. Yet this rule does not apply in Smith’s case. A defendant “cannot decline the trial
court’s offer to grant him time to prepare a defense, and then argue to us that his defense was
inadequate because he lacked time to prepare it.” Duplantis v. State, 708 So. 2d 1327, 1336
(¶24) (Miss. 1998). In such a situation, a defendant is “not denied his fundamental right. He
only chose not to exercise it fully.” Id. at 1337 (¶30).
¶21. Accordingly, there is no error. The lower court properly offered Smith a continuance.
Nonetheless, Smith declined. We decline to find any error in such a case.
¶22. Based on the analysis above, Smith waived his right to challenge the introduction of
the State’s evidence on appeal when he failed to request a continuance. Indeed, he expressly
stated that he did not want a continuance at all despite his preference for more adequate
preparation. The lower court did not violate Smith’s fundamental right to a fair and impartial
trial because it offered the remedy of a continuance.
Outcome: Accordingly, the conviction and sentence in this case are affirmed.