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Melissa Evol v. State of Indiana
Case Number: 19A-CR-1696
Judge: Elizabeth F. Tavitas
Court: COURT OF APPEALS OF INDIANA
Plaintiff's Attorney: Curtis T. Hill, Jr. Attorney General of Indiana Samantha M. Sumcad Deputy Attorney General
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On September 7, 2016, Evol pleaded guilty to burglary, a Level 5 felony; theft, a
Level 6 felony; and maintaining a common nuisance, a Level 6 felony. Evol
received four years in the DOC. On August 28, 2018, Evol petitioned the trial
court to modify her sentence; the State did not object to Evol’s motion. On
November 29, 2018, the trial court granted Evol’s petition due to Evol’s
completion of the purposeful incarceration program. Accordingly, Evol was
released from the DOC and was ordered to complete the remainder of her
sentence on formal probation.1
 On April 25, 2019, the State filed a motion to revoke Evol’s probation, alleging
that Evol tested positive for methamphetamine eight times between February
1 Evol’s original release from the DOC was scheduled for December 14, 2019.
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15, 2019, and April 18, 2019. On June 5, 2019, the State filed a second motion
to revoke Evol’s probation, alleging that Evol was charged in Marion County
on May 28, 2019, with criminal recklessness with a deadly weapon, a Level 6
felony; resisting law enforcement using a vehicle, a Level 6 felony; resisting law
enforcement, a Class A misdemeanor; and possession of paraphernalia, a Class
 On June 26, 2019, the trial court held a hearing on the petitions. Evol admitted
that she tested positive for methamphetamine eight times and that she was
using both methamphetamine and amphetamine while on probation. Evol
testified at the hearing that she was involved in a car accident one month after
she was released from incarceration, put on pain medication, and became
addicted to the medication, which “helped [her] to relapse.” Tr. Vol. II pp. 10
11. Evol also testified that the methamphetamine was “extremely easy” for her
to obtain after her car accident. Id. at 11. Evol testified that she was “willing to
do anything besides prison or jail.” Id. At that time, Evol had 558 actual days
remaining in her sentence.2
 The trial court concluded:
[B]ecause of the opportunities that you’ve been given, and the truth is potentially to protect your own safety because you can’t control yourself outside, I am going to impose the balance of the sentence. I mean you’ve been given the opportunities here. That
2 There is some discussion in the record that the calculation of actual days remaining may not include “any time cut the DOC may have awarded” for successful completion of DOC programs. Tr. Vol. II p. 9.
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hasn’t worked and you are the one who has demonstrated that it will not work from our experience with you and so I am going to impose the balance of your sentence, which I believe would be – let’s see – 744 days, which I believe computes to 558 actual days, assuming you don’t lose good time credit at the Department of Corrections. And we will make a notation on the abstract that this does not count – consider any credit you may have earned while previously at the Department of Corrections[sic], and so the sentence – balance of the sentence will be ordered served and you will be remanded to the custody of the Sheriff for the execution of the sentence.
Id. at 13-14. After Evol made one last plea with the trial court to avoid
placement in the DOC, the trial court concluded: “we’ve tried the purposeful
incarceration. You’ve been through the programs there. We’ve attempted
things on probation and none of it has worked so it will be back to the
Department of Corrections.” Id. at 15-16. Evol now appeals.
 Evol argues that the trial court abused its discretion when it ordered Evol to
serve her remaining suspended sentence in the DOC following the revocation of
her probation. Probation serves as an “alternative[ ] to commitment to the
Department of Correction[,]” and is “[granted] at the sole discretion of the trial
court.” Cox v. State, 706 N.E.2d 547, 549 (Ind. 1999), reh’g denied. “Once a trial
court has exercised its grace by ordering probation rather than incarceration,
the judge should have considerable leeway in deciding how to proceed.” Votra
v. State, 121 N.E.3d 1108, 1112 (Ind. Ct. App. 2019) (quoting Prewitt v. State,
878 N.E.2d 184, 188 (Ind. 2007)).
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 Upon determining that a probationer has violated a condition of probation, the
trial court may “[o]rder execution of all or part of the sentence that was
suspended at the time of initial sentencing.” I.C. § 35-38-2-3(h)(3); see Knecht v.
State, 85 N.E.3d 829, 840 (Ind. Ct. App. 2017) (finding the trial court did not
abuse its discretion in ordering probationer to serve his previously suspended
sentence after the trial court revoked the probationer’s probation). Our
Supreme Court has held that “a trial court’s sentencing decisions for probation
violations are reviewable using the abuse of discretion standard.” Prewitt, 878
N.E.2d at 188. An abuse of discretion occurs where the decision is clearly
against the logic and effect of the facts and circumstances before the court. Id.
 Evol’s specific argument is that the trial court failed to consider Evol’s
substance abuse disorder when it sentenced her to the DOC, especially in light
of the fact that Evol is not a danger to the community.3 In support of her
argument, Evol points to several cases.
 First, Evol compares her case to Ripps v. State, 968 N.E.2d 323 (Ind. Ct. App.
2012), where a panel of this Court found an abuse of discretion in revoking the
defendant’s probation. The defendant in Ripps was convicted of child
3 Other than the Indiana cases discussed in our decision, Evol also points to the following to support her statement: (1) the best practices and recommendations made by Indiana’s experts at Indiana’s Annual Opioid Summits; (2) the Indiana Attorney General suing drug manufacturers and distributors for harming Indiana communities; (3) Indiana’s judicial branch has a website dedicated to educating the public regarding opioid use disorder; and (4) Indiana’s Chief Justice’s comments that “[w]e knew how to be tough on drugs, [n]ow we need to be smart.” See Appellant’s Reply Br. pp. 6-7. While we do not disagree that that drug abuse disorder is serious, we decline to use these bases to find an abuse of discretion in sentencing.
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molesting, a Class C felony, and violated his probation by committing the new
offense of residing within 1,000 feet of a public park and youth program center.4
Accordingly, the trial court ordered the defendant to serve the remaining
portion of his suspended sentence—two years and two-hundred and sixty-six
days—in the DOC.
[The defendant] was sixty-nine years old and suffering from serious health issues, including terminal cancer; he was attempting to adhere to his probation conditions, as evidenced by his going to the sheriff’s office to register his new address; . . . and, last, [the defendant] served time in prison for a crime that was later vacated as violative of our constitutional ex post facto provision.
Ripps, 968 N.E.2d at 328.
 Evol’s case is distinguishable. Evol has not demonstrated the same level of
commitment to adhering to her probation. Evol tested positive for
methamphetamine eight times in two months. Moreover, Evol, at forty-three
years old, has been given many chances in the past to conform her behavior.
Evol’s criminal history includes many crimes of dishonesty, such as conversion,
theft, and check deception as well as two probation violations in other cause
4 The statute codifying this offense was found to be unconstitutional as applied in State v. Pollard, 908 N.E.2d 1145 (Ind. 2009). The terms of the defendant’s probation separately included that he was prohibited from living within 1,000 feet of a public park or youth program center. The State, however, only filed a probation violation for committing a new criminal offense and not independently for the residential violation.
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 Next, Evol points to a series of Indiana Supreme Court cases to support her
arguments that the legislature and the Indiana Supreme Court “are sending a
clear message to trial courts that non-violent offenders suffering from addiction
should remain in the community.” Appellant’s Br. p. 11. In Livingston v. State,
113 N.E.3d 611 (Ind. 2018), our Supreme Court found a “rare and exceptional
case” when the defendant, after committing several drug offenses: (1) pleaded
guilty without a plea agreement; (2) voluntarily placed herself in a county
community corrections program; (3) used her own money and donations to
start a home for women recovering from addiction; and (4) reported twice a
week and took random drug screens which were all negative. Livingston, 113
N.E.3d at 612. In Hoak v. State, 113 N.E.3d 1209 (Ind. 2018), our Supreme
Court remanded the sentence of the defendant to the trial court, to determine if
the defendant “[was] eligible for substance abuse treatment in a Community
Corrections placement,” when the defendant had received no court-ordered
substance abuse treatment. Hoak, 113 N.E.3d at 1209.
 These cases, again, are distinguishable from Evol’s case.5 Despite Evol’s
arguments, we do not read our Supreme Court’s opinions to stand for the broad
proposition that no drug user should be placed in the DOC for violating
probation merely because he or she is nonviolent. Evol has failed to
5 Evol concedes in her brief that she is “not comparing herself personally to [the defendant in Livingston] who obtained many positive accomplishments prior to her sentencing,” and “because [she] has received drug treatment through the purposeful incarceration program she is not comparing herself personally to [the defendant in Hoak] who had never received treatment.” Appellant’s Br. p. 11.
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demonstrate that the trial court abused its discretion in ordering the remainder
of her sentence to be served at the DOC.
Outcome: Evol has not demonstrated that the trial court abused its discretion by ordering
the remainder of her sentence to be served at the DOC after Evol violated her
probation. We affirm.