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Clarence Michael McNatt v. The State of Texas
Case Number: NOS. 01-18-00347-CR and 01-18-00348-CR
Judge: Gordon Goodman
Court: Court of Appeals For The First District of Texas
Plaintiff's Attorney: The Honorable Kim K Ogg
Daniel C. McCrory
Defendant's Attorney: Aimee Bolletino
Former Houston police officer sentenced in murder for hire case
After eight years of marriage, McNatt’s wife left him in October 2016 and
moved in with her close friend. McNatt, a former federal agent with the Border
Patrol and the Marshal Service, confided in his friend, Edwin Kent, about the marital
troubles that preceded the separation. Kent had served in the Navy. Kent and McNatt
lived close to each other, frequently spoke on the telephone, and would get together
to repair cars and do other things a few times a week.
McNatt was aware that some of the men Kent knew from his time in the
military could be hired to commit crimes. After McNatt’s wife left him, McNatt
asked Kent if his contacts from the military could “take care of” his wife and her
friend. According to Kent, “He wanted them kidnapped. He wanted them raped.” At
first, Kent did not think McNatt was serious about this request. As time went on,
though, McNatt continued to talk about it and gave Kent the women’s names and
addresses to pass along to his contacts.
To buy more time, Kent asked McNatt to write down his instructions about
what he expected them to do to the women, so he could pass them along. McNatt
gave Kent a letter and an index card that detailed how he wanted his wife and her
friend treated. Among other things, the letter instructs that after grabbing the two
women and forcing them into the car, they are to “cut off all clothes” and have “one
sit between them to touch the T & A” on the ride to the safe house. In the safe house
“[until] you leave you do everything to break both girls,” and “Anything you want
to do to [the friend] is A.O.K.” The letter continues: “My Dream punishment for [the
friend] is the 10+ days with us. 30 days at nuthouse. And sell or trade her to human
trafficking. . . .” As to his wife, McNatt wrote, “it depends what you find out. . . .
[She] could also be given the DREAM JOB. I’ve got oxy’s [sic] 15 mg.—morphine
15 mg. & Demerol 50 mg. for the girls—distortion of time & pleasure.” McNatt also
wrote that the men were to “record all sex [until] I view.” McNabb also wrote the
home and work addresses for the women on an index card and gave that to Kent.
Kent took the letter and the card and told McNatt about three friends who
could help him with the situation. Kent took no action after that conversation until
he took the opportunity to speak with some police officers who had responded to a
disturbance involving another member of Kent’s household. After the officers had
dealt with the disturbance, Kent asked for their advice about handling McNatt’s
request. The officers arranged for him to discuss the issue with Officer J. Phillips, a
16-year veteran of the Pasadena Police Department.
Officer Phillips proposed that Kent leave the matter for undercover officers to
handle. As instructed by Officer Phillips, Kent spoke with McNatt, telling him that
he would help arrange for his friends to meet with McNatt. Kent then contacted
Officer Phillips, who told him the time, date and location for the meeting. After Kent
relayed that information to McNatt, he had no more involvement in the undercover
Next, Officer Phillips left a voicemail for McNatt. McNatt returned the call,
and they made plans to meet on November 29th in a busy parking lot. Officer Phillips
sent an advance team to set up surveillance in the area ahead of the meeting. When
Officer Phillips’ group arrived at the parking lot, they called McNatt and gave him
their vehicle description.
Officer Phillips understood from McNatt that “[w]e were supposed to kidnap
both girls, sexually assault both and from my understanding, . . . we were going to
kill [the friend,] but [whether they were to kill the wife] would be a questionable
issue, depending on what was learned from her interrogations.” Officer Phillips
noted that in the letter McNatt wrote for Kent, McNatt described kidnapping the
off the road somewhere, tak[ing] their car. And then during that day, I believe, it was the first day, there was discussion about if we had a vehicle that had police lights or lights on it to act as a police officer to stop them on the road, kidnap them, throw them in the trunk and take them to the location that we were going to do all this.
On the audio recording of the first meeting, McNatt can be heard explaining how
easy it would be to kidnap the women after they leave their jobs at the bar because
they usually carpool and no one is around that time of night, and telling the officers
about occasions when he watched them leave the bar together and followed them for
part of the route they take. McNatt can also be heard saying that he didn’t care what
they did to the women, that they could “slap them with their dicks” for all he cared.
Officer T. Neilon, another experienced undercover officer who participated in
the sting, told McNatt that they ordinarily charged $5,000 for what McNatt wanted
them to do. Officer Neilon further testified that McNatt
indicated that he wanted both [women] kidnapped, taken possibly from as they were leaving . . . one of their places of employment. He wanted them sexually tortured or roughed up and all this videotaped. And initially that’s what we discussed in the beginning of the conversation that day.”
Officer Phillips set up a second meeting with McNatt for the next day, telling
McNatt he wanted him to provide additional details about what he wanted done to
the women, give the officers information that McNatt had collected from following
the women, and arrange for payment.
At that meeting, Officer Phillips discussed with McNatt in greater depth about
“where we were going to get them,” meaning kidnap the women. McNatt described
what he considered the best way for them to accomplish the kidnapping, that being
to pick them up after they finished work at the bar. McNatt showed the officers
pictures of the bar, described the cars the women drove, and told the officers the time
the women left work and the route they took home.
McNatt brought $100 cash with him as a down payment. McNatt also showed
Officer Phillips three rings he inherited from his father. He told Officer Phillips that,
according to their last appraisal, he believed the rings to be worth about $5,000 but
that he wanted to have them appraised again before he would give them to Officer
Phillips. McNatt also told the officers that, “if push comes to shove,” he also had
collectible coins that he could give them for payment.
Officer Phillips told the jury that during the second meeting, McNatt remarked
that he “thought it was pretty cool” that the women would be stripped and tied up in
the abduction. He instructed the officers to hit the women to gain their submission
and to treat the women “like dogs,” particularly the friend, who McNatt believed had
manipulated his wife into leaving him. On the audiotape of that meeting, one of the
officers can be heard asking McNatt, “Are you good with us fucking your wife too
if we gotta do that? I mean, are you cool with that?” McNatt responded, “Yeah, I
Toward the end of the meeting, Officer Phillips indicated the men were likely
to move quickly on the abduction and asked how long it would take McNatt to get
ready with food and other supplies once they were ready. McNatt responded that he
could be ready in an hour or so, depending on how far he needed to go to meet with
After the cash changed hands, Officer Phillips signaled the waiting arrest
team, which took McNatt into custody. In the inventory search of McNatt’s truck,
officers found two bags, one pink and one blue, each containing the following items:
dog leashes, bowls, and other dog toys; handcuffs; sandals; zip ties; hair color;
toothpaste; toothbrushes; flushable wipes; bars of soap; deodorant; bundles of rope;
duct tape; condoms; various types of lubricant; and disposable gloves. Many of the
items, such as the sandals, the toothbrushes, and the deodorant, were pink or blue to
coordinate with the bag that held them.
In the search of McNatt’s home, officers found a tackle box with a variety of
medications, including the sedatives he mentioned in the letter he wrote for Kent.
A. Standard of Review and Applicable Law
In reviewing the legal sufficiency of the evidence to support a criminal
conviction, a court of appeals determines whether, after viewing the evidence in the
light most favorable to the verdict, the factfinder was rationally justified in finding
the essential elements of the crime beyond a reasonable doubt. Jackson v. Virginia,
443 U.S. 307, 319 (1979); Brooks v. State, 323 S.W.3d 893, 895 (Tex. Crim. App.
As the exclusive judge of the facts, the jury may believe or disbelieve all or
any part of a witness’s testimony. See Chambers v. State, 805 S.W.2d 459, 461 (Tex.
Crim. App. 1991). We presume that the factfinder resolved any conflicting
inferences in favor of the verdict, and we defer to that resolution. See Jackson, 443
U.S. at 326. On appeal, we may not reevaluate the weight and credibility of the
record evidence and substitute our own judgment for that of the factfinder. Williams
v. State, 235 S.W.3d 742, 750 (Tex. Crim. App. 2007). In reviewing the evidence,
circumstantial evidence is as probative as direct evidence in establishing the guilt of
an actor, and circumstantial evidence alone can be sufficient to establish guilt.
Hooper v. State, 214 S.W.3d 9, 13 (Tex. Crim. App. 2007). Juries are permitted to
make reasonable inferences from circumstantial evidence presented at trial. See id.
For evidence to be sufficient, the State need not disprove all reasonable
alternative hypotheses that are inconsistent with a defendant’s guilt. Cantu v. State,
395 S.W.3d 202, 207–08 (Tex. App.—Houston [1st Dist.] 2012, pet. ref’d). Rather,
a court considers only whether the inferences necessary to establish guilt are
reasonable based upon the cumulative force of all the evidence when considered in
the light most favorable to the jury’s verdict. Wise v. State, 364 S.W.3d 900, 903
(Tex. Crim. App. 2012); Hooper, 214 S.W.3d at 13.
To support a jury verdict that the defendant is guilty of solicitation of
aggravated kidnapping with the intent to commit sexual assault, the State must have
proven beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant requested, commanded, or
attempted to induce another to engage in specific conduct that, under the
circumstances surrounding his conduct as the defendant believes them to be, would
constitute the felony or make the other a party to its commission. TEX. PENAL CODE
§ 15.03(a). The offense of criminal solicitation to commit a capital or first-degree
felony is complete when a culpable request or inducement is unilaterally presented.
See Majid v. State, 713 S.W.2d 405, 407 (Tex. App.—El Paso 1986, pet. ref’d).
The evidence must prove that the defendant made the request with the specific
intent that the capital or first-degree felony be committed. See Richardson v. State,
681 S.W.2d 683, 687 (Tex. App.—Houston [14th Dist.] 1984), aff’d, 700 S.W.2d
591 (Tex. Crim. App. 1985). The uncorroborated testimony of the person allegedly
solicited is insufficient to support conviction under section 15.03, and the evidence
must show that the solicitation was “made under circumstances strongly
corroborative of both the solicitation itself and the actor’s intent that the person act
on the solicitation.” TEX. PENAL CODE § 15.03(b).
B. Evidence that McNatt affirmatively communicated his intent that the women be sexually assaulted once they were kidnapped
McNatt claims that no evidence supports the jury’s finding that he asked for
the women to be sexually assaulted after they were kidnapped because he did not
reach out to McNatt or initiate any of the meetings. While it is true that McNatt did
not reach out directly to the officers, he did enlist Kent to help him find men who
were willing to accept pay for committing crimes, and he returned Officer Phillips’
phone call while under the impression that the officer was one of those men. McNatt
took the initiative in returning the phone call and meeting with the undercover
officers at the appointed times and places. Both Officer Phillips and Officer Neilon
testified that McNatt wanted both women kidnapped and sexually assaulted.
McNatt also wrote a letter explaining what he wanted to have done to the
women. McNatt claims that the letter McNatt wrote for Kent is of dubious origin,
but McNatt did not object to its authentication and admission at trial. We are bound
to review the evidence in a light favorable to the verdict and prohibited from second
guessing the jury’s evaluation of the letter’s weight and credibility. See Williams,
235 S.W.3d at 750. The audio recordings of McNatt’s meetings with the officers,
while inaudible at times, are consistent with this testimony and other evidence. See,
e.g., Ivatury v. State, 792 S.W.2d 845, 849 (Tex. App.—Dallas 1990, pet. ref’d)
(evidence, including audio recording, established that defendant originated idea of
harming agent). We therefore conclude that the jury was rationally justified in
finding beyond a reasonable doubt that McNatt affirmatively communicated his
intent that the women be sexually assaulted after they were kidnapped. See Jackson,
443 U.S. at 319; Brooks, 323 S.W.3d at 895.
B. Evidence of McNatt’s intent that the undercover officers act on the solicitation
McNatt asserts that his convictions are in error because no evidence supports
the jury’s finding that he intended that the officers act on his request that they
sexually assault the women. On the contrary, much of the audio recording of the first
meeting is unintelligible, but what can be understood is consistent with the officers’
testimony and corroborates other evidence that McNatt intended for the women to
be sexually abused and demeaned. McNatt gave the officers $500 cash and offered
other valuables to complete the payment. The items found in the pink and blue bags
found in McNatt’s truck—in particular, the handcuffs, the dog leashes, and the
condoms—show that McNatt had actually prepared for the scenario to be realized,
and thus constitutes further proof that McNatt intended for the officers to act on his
request. McNatt contends that the letter he wrote for Kent is not evidence of his
intent because he did not attempt to solicit Kent. This contention, however, ignores
evidence that Kent had McNatt write the letter so that he could provide it to the
individuals who were available for hire. The letter also references the sedative
medications McNatt said he had for the girls, which were found in McNatt’s home.
Viewing this evidence in the light most favorable to the verdict, we conclude that
the jury was rationally justified in finding beyond a reasonable doubt that McNatt
intended for the undercover officers to act on his solicitation. See Jackson, 443 U.S.
at 319; Brooks, 323 S.W.3d at 895.
As a result, we hold that legally sufficient evidence supports the jury’s
verdicts finding McNatt guilty of solicitation of aggravated kidnapping with the
intent to commit sexual assault against both his former wife and her friend.
Outcome: We affirm the judgments of the trial court.