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Date: 04-19-2019

Case Style:

Larry Darnell Tave v. The State of Texas

Case Number: 06-18-00186-CR

Judge: Ralph K. Burgess

Court: Court of Appeals Sixth Appellate District of Texas at Texarkana

Plaintiff's Attorney: John J. Roberts

Defendant's Attorney: Natalie A. Anderson

Description:








Larry Darnell Tave pled guilty to and was convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI),
third or more. After hearing Tave’s testimony, the trial court sentenced him to twelve years’
imprisonment. Tave appeals.
Tave’s attorney on appeal has filed a brief, which states that she has reviewed the record
and has found no genuinely arguable issues that could be raised. The brief sets out the procedural
history of the trial court’s proceedings and summarizes the evidence elicited during the course of
those proceedings. Meeting the requirements of Anders v. California, counsel has provided a
professional evaluation of the record demonstrating why there are no arguable grounds to be
advanced on appeal. Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 743–44 (1967); In re Schulman, 252
S.W.3d 403, 406 (Tex. Crim. App. 2008) (orig. proceeding); Stafford v. State, 813 S.W.2d 503,
509–10 (Tex. Crim. App. 1991); High v. State, 573 S.W.2d 807, 812–13 (Tex. Crim. App. [Panel
Op.] 1978). Counsel also filed a motion with this Court seeking to withdraw as counsel in this
appeal.
Counsel provided to Tave a copy of the brief, the motion to withdraw, and a motion for
pro se access to the record, which was filed by Tave and granted by this Court. Tave has filed a
pro se response arguing that (1) he never received a copy of the two prior DWI’s which were
specifically alleged in the State’s indictment, (2) he had not viewed the form or substance of the
indictment prior to his plea, (3) he was not advised that any defects in the indictment had to be
raised before trial, (4) the clerk’s record does not contain a copy of the waiver of arraignment,
(5) the State should have made another plea offer, (6) he did not understand that his driver’s license
3
would be suspended despite the trial court’s admonishment and his assurance to the trial court that
he understood it, (7) he was mentally incompetent at the time of his plea, (8) voices told him “to
drink what was there” on the date of the offense, and (9) he did not see the laboratory report
establishing his blood alcohol concentration.
We have independently reviewed the entire appellate record, as well as Tave’s pro se
response, and find that no reversible error exists. See Bledsoe v. State, 178 S.W.3d 824, 826–27
(Tex. Crim. App. 2005). Yet, in Anders cases, appellate courts “have the authority to reform
judgments and affirm as modified in cases where there is non reversible error.” Ferguson v. State,
435 S.W.3d 291, 293 (Tex. App.—Waco 2014, pet. denied) (comprehensively discussing appellate
cases that have modified judgments in Anders cases). Here, non-reversible error is found in the
trial court’s judgment.
In the space where the trial court would typically memorialize an assessment of attorney
fees, the judgment contains the letters “TBD.” It is reasonable to assume those letters indicate that
the amount of attorney fees assessed against Tave will be determined at some later time. The
record indicates that Tave was indigent at trial and that he remains so on appeal. “A defendant
who is determined by the court to be indigent is presumed to remain indigent for the remainder of
the proceedings in the case unless a material change in the defendant’s financial circumstances
occurs.” TEX. CODE CRIM. PROC. ANN. art. 26.04(p) (West Supp. 2018); see Cates v. State, 402
S.W.3d 250, 251 (Tex. Crim. App. 2013). An assessment of attorney fees against an indigent
defendant that leaves the actual amount of the assessment to be determined at some point in the
future is improper. Article 26.05(g) of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure “requires a present
4
determination of financial resources and does not allow speculation about possible future
resources.” Cates, 402 S.W.3d at 252.

Outcome: We modify the trial court’s judgment by deleting the letters “TBD” and substituting an assessment of $0.00 for attorney fees. We affirm the trial court’s judgment, as modified.1

Plaintiff's Experts:

Defendant's Experts:

Comments:



 
 
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