Please E-mail suggested additions, comments and/or corrections to Kent@MoreLaw.Com.
Help support the publication of case reports on MoreLaw
KEVIN DUNHOO V. STATE OF ARKANSAS
Case Number: 2018 Ark. App. 232
Judge: N. MARK KLAPPENBACH
Court: ARKANSAS COURT OF APPEALS
Plaintiff's Attorney: Amanda Jegley, Ass’t Att’y Gen
Defendant's Attorney: Terry Goodwin Jones
Description: Appellant Kevin Dunhoo appeals the June 12, 2017 sentencing order of the Poinsett
County Circuit Court that revoked his probation. Appellant was charged with committing
sexual indecency with a child, and he was placed on a six-year term of probation commencing
in July 2013 during which he agreed to abide by certain conditions. The State filed a petition
to revoke his probation in March 2017, alleging that appellant had violated conditions
concerning (1) failing to notify law enforcement of any change of address and staying away
from his residence without prior approval of law enforcement, (2) being untruthful with his
probation officer about his internet and phone activities, and (3) failing to pay fines and fees
as directed. At the conclusion of the probation-revocation hearing in June 2017, the trial
court found that appellant had violated his conditions, revoked his probation, and sentenced
him to 68 months in prison. This appeal followed. Appellant argues that the trial court erred
in revoking his probation because “the underlying conditions were not present in the original
order and the appellant had not willfully left his fines and fees unpaid.” We affirm.
Pursuant to Arkansas Code Annotated section 16-93-308(d) (Repl. 2016), a trial court
may revoke a defendant’s probation at any time prior to the expiration of the period of
probation if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant has
inexcusably failed to comply with a term or condition of his probation. The State has the
burden of proving that a condition of probation was violated. Jones v. State, 2013 Ark. App.
466. The State need only show that the defendant committed one violation in order to sustain
a revocation. Banks v. State, 2014 Ark. App. 639. On appellate review, the trial court’s
findings are upheld unless they are clearly against the preponderance of the evidence. Stultz
v. State, 92 Ark. App. 204, 212 S.W.3d 42 (2005). The appellate courts defer to the trial
court’s superior position to determine credibility and the weight to be accorded testimony.
Baney v. State, 2017 Ark. App. 20, 510 S.W.3d 799.
Condition 13 of appellant’s conditions of probation required the following of appellant:
You must be gainfully employed or enrolled as a student at all times, pay your share of household expenses, support your legal dependents and pay all court ordered child support. You must notify your supervising officer in advance of any change in your address, employment, education, telephone number or family status. Where circumstances make it impossible to give advance notice, you must give notice as soon as possible. Prior approval from a supervising office is required for you to change or stay away from your place of residence or to quit your employment. (Emphasis added.)
The State alleged in its revocation petition that appellant “stayed away from his approved
address without notifying his officer and without changing his address pursuant to his
At the time appellant was placed on probation, the address he listed was his
grandmother’s. Probation Officer Lakieva Meadows began supervising appellant in May
2016. She testified that she went to appellant’s grandmother’s house for a home visit,1 and
appellant’s grandmother told her that she “put him out,” he was “no longer staying there,”
and “he couldn’t stay there because he refused to pay bills.” When Meadows made contact
with appellant to ask him about this, he told her that he was going back to his grandmother’s,
but she learned that he subsequently registered the Little Rock address where he was staying,
2811 South Battery Street. Meadows said that appellant had not reported this change to her
until she asked him about it.
Testimony from a sheriff’s office employee evidenced that appellant failed to pay
toward his fines, fees, and costs and was behind. Meadows also provided testimony to show
that appellant had been contacting underage females and sending photographs of his genitals
Appellant testified that he was kicked out of his grandmother’s house in December
2016. Appellant stated that he moved in with Shelly Williams in Little Rock. Appellant
described Williams as a person whom his mother had dated and who looked after him like a
“guardian.” Appellant admitted that he did not report being kicked out of his grandmother’s
home before the probation officer visited his grandmother’s house. Appellant testified that he
had sporadically worked since 2013 but had recently obtained three jobs so that he could now
1Condition 12 of appellant’s conditions of probation required that appellant “report as directed to a supervising officer and permit him or her to visit you in your residence, place of employment, or other property.”
pay what he owed, even though he had only made “small payments here and there” in the
past. Appellant admitted that he had sent messages to girls but that this was before he learned
that they were underage.
The trial court found appellant to be in violation of the conditions of his probation.
The trial court stated from the bench:
[W]hy you had to change addresses and the fact that you had to change addresses is not relevant to this Court. . . . . It was not registering your new address. That was wrong. You didn’t register it with probation, and you didn’t register it as a sex offender.
The trial court also found that, although it was less concerned about the fines, fees, and costs,
it did not believe appellant had done anything toward making money. The trial court found,
too, that appellant’s behavior on social media made him appear to be “a pervert” and “a
On appeal, appellant argues that the trial court impermissibly revoked his probation
regarding Condition 13 on the basis that he failed to register a change of address, which
requirement applies to persons convicted of sex offenses. Appellant contends that this was not
listed in his written conditions of probation, this would be a “special condition” that was not
spelled out, and therefore this would be an unauthorized basis for revoking his probation.
Appellant has failed to demonstrate clear error in the trial court’s decision to revoke. The trial
court specified that revocation was based, at least in part, on the fact that appellant failed to
notify his probation officer of his change of address, regardless of whether that change was
intended to be temporary or permanent. The record reveals the trial court’s displeasure with
appellant’s failure to register his new address for sex-offender-registry purposes and for
Appellant also takes issue with the lack of evidence of the specific timing of when he
left his grandmother’s residence and the time that elapsed until he was asked by his probation
officer about his change in address. However, appellant admittedly did not give advance
notice of any intent to move or stay away from his grandmother’s residence, and appellant
never requested permission to stay away from his grandmother’s residence. Appellant
informed the probation officer of his change in residence only after her visit to his
grandmother’s house2 and after the probation officer’s request for an explanation from him.
In sum, appellant did not request prior approval, nor did he provide notice “as soon as
possible.” The trial court did not clearly err in finding appellant to be in violation of
Condition 13 as alleged in the State’s petition to revoke.
Outcome: Because we hold that the trial court did not clearly err in revoking appellant’s
probation on the basis of the residence-related violation, we need not and do not address the other two bases for revocation alleged by the State.3 Only one violation is required in order to sustain the decision to revoke probation.