Description: William Phipps appeals his sentence for (1) operating a motor vehicle while
intoxicated causing death; enhanced for leaving the scene of a motor vehicle
accident resulting in death, in violation of Iowa Code sections 707.6A(1),
321.261(4), and 902.12 (2016), and (2) leaving the scene of an accident resulting
in death, in violation of Iowa Code sections 321.261(4) and 321.263. He contends
the district court imposed an illegal sentence in assessing a law enforcement
initiative (LEI) surcharge and a D.A.R.E. surcharge.
The State concedes the court “lacked statutory authority to impose the
D.A.R.E. surcharge under count  and both [law enforcement initiative]
surcharges.” The State argues the D.A.R.E. surcharge on count 1 was
We may correct an illegal sentence at any time. Iowa R. Crim. P. 2.24(5)(a).
We agree with Phipps and the State that the law enforcement initiative surcharge
is not authorized by statute for the specified offenses. See Iowa Code § 911.3
(authorizing surcharge for criminal violations under “a. Chapter 124, 155A, 453B,
713, 714, 715A, or 716” and “b. Section 719.7, 719.8, 725.1, 725.2, or 725.3”). We
also agree with Phipps and the State that the D.A.R.E. surcharge is not authorized
for the leaving-the-scene count. See id. § 911.2 (“1. In addition to any other
surcharge, the court or clerk of the district court shall assess a drug abuse
resistance education surcharge of ten dollars if a violation arises out of a violation
of an offense provided for in chapter 321J or chapter 124, division IV.”); see also
State v. Gunderson, No. 14-0529, 2015 WL 162077, at *1 (Iowa Ct. App. Jan. 14,
2015). However, the D.A.R.E. surcharge is authorized for the first count because
section 707.6A(1) incorporates an element under chapter 321J. See Iowa Code §
707.6A(1) (“A person commits a class ‘B’ felony when the person unintentionally
causes the death of another by operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated, as
prohibited by section 321J.2”); State v. Konvalinka, No. 11-0777, 2012 WL
1860352, at *8 (Iowa Ct. App. May 23, 2012).
Outcome: The district court ordered the surcharges applied to “each applicable
offense.” Assuming without deciding the surcharges were applied to both
offenses, we affirm the imposition of the D.A.R.E. surcharge on the count of
operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated causing death but vacate the D.A.R.E. surcharge on the leaving-the-scene-of-the-accident count. We also vacate the LEI surcharges on both counts. We remand for resentencing.
AFFIRMED IN PART, VACATED IN PART, AND REMANDED FOR